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How To Size and Apply Nail Tips

Your ultimate career goal may be the perfect sculptured nail, but while you’re perfecting your skill set, nail tips are a great stopgap! When properly sized and applied, nail tips can deliver the perfect platform for a strengthening overlay of acrylic, gel or silk/fiberglass in record time. “Tips can be ideal for clients who have difficulty growing their natural nails,” says Elsa Barbi, OPI ambassador. They can also help prevent nail biting, protect nail splits and (bonus!) provide a larger canvas for nail art, especially for almond or other untraditional nail shapes. Here, everything you need to know to successfully choose, fit and apply nail tips.

Tip Types

Most nail tips are manufactured out of plastic, aka acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), a durable but flexible material that can be shaped into a smooth surface that resists yellowing. Look for pure or “virgin” plastic as it contains no recycled material, which can sometimes cause quality issues when the plastic is re-melted and reused, says Vicki Ornellas, global trainer for ibd. The thinner area of the tip that makes contact with the client’s nail is called the well. Choosing the type of well is usually a matter of preference:

Full-well tips have the largest contact point and the best “grip,” according to Terry Burciaga, global educator for SuperNail. The large surface area is suitable for most clients, but is particularly good for camouflaging bitten nails and other imperfections, says Barbi. Because the well can cover up to half of the natural nail bed, full-well tips require the most blending and are best covered with colored product or opaque polish.

Half or partial-well tips offer less coverage on the nail, so they’re quicker to apply and blend. The additional strength is realized when acrylic or other product is applied directly to the natural nail.

Well-less tips are the fastest and most versatile tip because they can be applied anywhere on the nail plate and don’t require blending. They’re perfect for creating pink-and-white nails with crisp smile lines.

Fit and Attachment

A good fit and a solid bond are critical to long-lasting and natural-looking enhancements using tips. “First, examine the client’s nails and choose a tip with a C-curve that most closely matches the natural C-curve of the client’s nail plate,” says Barbi. Additionally, says Ornellas, the width of the tip should fit from sidewall-to-sidewall for proper strength and structure. “If you’re in between sizes go up in size and customize the tip down to fit.” (Note: Don’t get caught in the trap of taking too long to customize a particular type of tip when another one may be far more suitable out of the box.) Finally, if using full or half-well tips, make sure that the well fits snugly against the free edge of the nail. Other options to consider are length and color, i.e., natural, clear and white.

After sizing and customizing all 10 tips, cleanse the nail plate. For application, it’s important to use a professional glue or resin designed for nails. These adhesives vary in thickness and setting time, and it’s important that the glue provides the right amount of support to attach the tip securely. “If the nail plate seems uneven, fill in the well with a resin glue,” says Burciaga. “It’s thicker in viscosity, so air pockets can’t develop.” Short on time? Ornellas uses a fast-setting glue because the bond is instant and strong. The downside? “There’s no wiggle room,” she says, noting that nail tip newbies should choose slower setting glue until they’re confident that they can place tips correctly the first time.

Some techs prefer to apply the glue to the edge or well of the tip, while others apply it directly to the natural nail in the area that will make contact with the tip. Align the tip on the free edge of the nail at a 45- to 90-degree angle and then slowly rock it forward, pressing it onto the nail plate and firmly holding it in place until the glue dries. The glue should spread evenly to completely fill the space. Once the glue has set, use a tip cutter to trim the tips to the desired length and then shape with a file

Blending

Before applying product, full and partial-well tips should be blended to “erase” the line and smooth the transition fom the tip to the natural nail. Tip blenders are liquid products brushed over the plastic at the seam line to soften the plastic so less filing is required (which means less friction and potential damage to the client’s nail plate). Many techs prefer to thin or pre-etch the seam prior to gluing. This eliminates having to file a lot to blend and, therefore, reduces the risk of filing into the nail plate, says Allie Baker, global brand ambassador for EzFlow. (Note: Well-less tips don’t require blending. In fact, blending can ruin the crisp smile line of a French or white tip.)

Oils are easily transferred back onto the nail during the trimming and blending process, so make sure to cleanse the nail again and apply primers and bonders after blending, says Baker. Also, make sure to apply primer only to the exposed natural nail as it can crack or warp ABS plastic.

Care and Maintenance

Assuming that the tip has been properly fit, attached and overlayed, enhancements created with tips should last two to three weeks. “The bond really depends on the client and what glue was used,” says Burciaga. “The thicker the viscosity of glue/resin, the slower it will break down in water.” For clients with natural nails that tend to curl away from the extension, encourage them to use cuticle oil every single day to keep the natural nail hydrated and pliable so it keeps its shape. Barbi recommends educating your clients to get broken nails fixed right away to prevent further breakage.

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